You can create similiar type of instance with the help of already been created instance by using clone(). Clone means copy of the instance, not refer it. (making a field-for-field copy of instances)

I want to clone a ArrayList object. As given java api, cloning is available.

    public Object clone() {
 try {
     ArrayList<E> v = (ArrayList<E>) super.clone();
     v.elementData = Arrays.copyOf(elementData, size);
     v.modCount = 0;
     return v;
 } catch (CloneNotSupportedException e) {
     // this shouldn't happen, since we are Cloneable
     throw new InternalError();

Clone method is protected method of class. so, if you want clone a object, you have to call clone of The Object class in interal class, not external. It means you can not call the clone method directly from the outside.

So. If you have your own class and want to clone, you have to use belows.

public class NotiConnection {

public Object clone(){

   return super.clone();


// or
public Object cloning() {
   return clone();


The described In clone method in java api.


protected Object clone()
                throws CloneNotSupportedException
Creates and returns a copy of this object. The precise meaning of "copy" may depend on the class of the object. The general intent is that, for any object x, the expression:
 x.clone() != x
will be true, and that the expression:
 x.clone().getClass() == x.getClass()
will be true, but these are not absolute requirements. While it is typically the case that:
will be true, this is not an absolute requirement.

By convention, the returned object should be obtained by calling super.clone. If a class and all of its superclasses (except Object) obey this convention, it will be the case that x.clone().getClass() == x.getClass().

By convention, the object returned by this method should be independent of this object (which is being cloned). To achieve this independence, it may be necessary to modify one or more fields of the object returned by super.clone before returning it. Typically, this means copying any mutable objects that comprise the internal "deep structure" of the object being cloned and replacing the references to these objects with references to the copies. If a class contains only primitive fields or references to immutable objects, then it is usually the case that no fields in the object returned by super.clone need to be modified.

The method clone for class Object performs a specific cloning operation. First, if the class of this object does not implement the interface Cloneable, then a CloneNotSupportedException is thrown. Note that all arrays are considered to implement the interface Cloneable. Otherwise, this method creates a new instance of the class of this object and initializes all its fields with exactly the contents of the corresponding fields of this object, as if by assignment; the contents of the fields are not themselves cloned. Thus, this method performs a "shallow copy" of this object, not a "deep copy" operation.

The class Object does not itself implement the interface Cloneable, so calling the clone method on an object whose class is Object will result in throwing an exception at run time.

a clone of this instance.
CloneNotSupportedException - if the object's class does not support the Cloneable interface. Subclasses that override the clone method can also throw this exception to indicate that an instance cannot be cloned.
See Also:

If you implement Cloneable , you can call directly that method by implements "public Object clone() throws CloneNotSupportedException ".

Cloneable interface is just a interface that have no implement any methods. It means notify the own class have the clone method to the developers.
Reference site :

public class CloneExp implements Cloneable {

  private String name;
  private String address;
  private int age;
  private Department depart;
  public CloneExp(){
  public CloneExp(String aName, int aAge, Department aDepart) { = aName;
    this.age = aAge;
    this.depart = aDepart;

  public Object clone() throws CloneNotSupportedException {

    CloneExp clone=(CloneExp)super.clone();

    // make the shallow copy of the object of type Department
    return clone;

  public static void main(String[] args) {

    CloneExp ce=new CloneExp();

    try {
      // make deep copy of the object of type CloneExp
      CloneExp cloned=(CloneExp)ce.clone();
    catch (CloneNotSupportedException e) {
Posted by '김용환'

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